Career Guidance : Paramedical Sciences

Paramedical Sciences 

is the intersection of Healthcare, Public Health, and Public Safety. 

We often assume that it is only the doctor who shoulders the entire responsibility of ensuring that we are back on our feet! We fail to realize that it is a team of professionals that work in sync to ensure that we turn hail and healthy. When we fall sick, seeing a doctor is only one part of the healing process. The rest of it, right from testing (to help identify the disease), to dispensing medicines, to post - operative care is handled by Pharmacists, Nurses, Radiologists, etc. Each of these professionals pursue a rigorous course and undergo training to become a professional.

In this section, we would be looking at the courses falling under Paramedical Sciences, i.e. the courses that would enable an individual to become a Paramedical Professional.

Spinal injury management, fracture management, obstetrics, management of burns and assessment, and evaluation of general incident scenes are the important areas of work in the field of Paramedical Science. The increasing demand of skilled paramedical professionals has opened up several career opportunities for young aspirants. Many paramedical institutes offer courses at degree and diploma levels.

There is a typical skill set needed to work as a paramedic. To become a successful paramedic, a person should have the ability to work in rotational shifts and should have presence of mind to take the right decision during an emergency. He / She should be physically fit and be able to make use of correct precautionary measures to treat the injured person. Paramedics are the key players in the Health and Medical Sector. Without paramedics, the entire Health Industry is out of gear and is almost non-functionary.

The increase in number of patients, a variety of diseases, and the demand for intensive treatment have paved the way for Paramedical Professionals who are expert technicians or therapists providing better quality towards human health care. Thus, the field of Paramedical Sciences is gaining an ever increasing importance and demand and is also leading to lucrative career opportunities in the health sector.


A candidate should have passed class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (PCB), with at least 50% of marks in each subject. The minimum age required is 17 years.

Some of the major streams in Paramedicine include:


It is a healthcare profession predominantly concerned with the remediation of impairments and disabilities and the promotion of mobility, functional ability, quality of life and movement potential through examination, evaluation, diagnosis and physical intervention.

A physiotherapist uses physical exercise therapy, other therapeutic agents like heat, radiation, water, electricity, etc. along with massage to cure weaknesses and rebuild the damaged muscles, joints and bones.

Course: The course that one would have to pursue is the Bachelor’s course in Physiotherapy (BPT), which is a 4.6-year program with 6 months of internship.

Qualification required for Admission: A candidate should have passed class 12 in Science with Biology as a subject with at least 50% of marks in each subject. The minimum age required is 17 years. There could be additional eligibility depending on the college/university norms. Admissions to the course take place on the basis of entrance exams.

International Education in Physiotherapy

USA is the most favored destination for higher studies in Physiotherapy. Just as was for other courses, Physiotherapy practice can only be started once a student has completed the required Master's degree and then apply for a license. Students will need a bachelor’s degree to qualify for a graduate program in Physical therapy or else in Physiotherapy. Some universities do not give a lot of importance to what discipline or field the student has studied for their undergraduate degree, whereas others require the undergraduate degree be in something related to the healthcare industry, such as nursing, nutrition, biology, anatomy, or exercise science.

The major colleges offering the courses are:

• University of South California • Washington University

• University of Pittsburgh

• University of Delaware

Apart from the bachelors and masters courses, quite a few institutions also offer certificate level and Diploma level studies in Physical Therapy/ Physiotherapy. Also, some short courses (month/two-month-long) are quite prevalent. 


Rashmi Rai 

Senior Career Counsellor.


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